Karbolyn® Studies & Information Karbolyn® 2016 Brochure Karbolyn® Informational Video Karbolyn® MBRCT Grant Case Study Glucose Study Karbolyn® for Sports Karbolyn® Summary Report What is a carbohydrate? Carbohydrates or saccharides are simple organic compounds that are aldehydes or ketones with many hydroxyl groups. Carbohydrates are the most abundant of the four major classes of biomolecules. Most people think of carbohydrates as just energy, but they also play numerous roles in living things, such as the storage and transportation of energy and structural components. Besides this, carbohydrates also play a major role in the working process of the immune system, fertilization, pathogenesis, blood clotting, and development. A carbohydrate in simplified terms is basically the energy component of the diet: a biological compound containing carbon, hydrogen and oxygen that is an important source of food and energy. Carbohydrates come in two forms, simple and complex. Simple carbohydrates, or more commonly known as simple sugars, come from sucrose, dextrose, fructose, fresh fruit and milk. These are a few examples. Complex carbohydrates, or more commonly known as starches, can be found in such foods as grain products, bread, pasta and rice.