PROBIOTICS FOR PET
Gut flora and gastrointestinal dysbiosis One of the major functions of the gastrointestinal microbiota (or “gut flora”) is the ability to resist invasion by exogenous organisms, working together with the other host’s non-specific defences and the gut-associated immune system.However, the balance among GI microbial communities change over time, due to physiological and/or environmental causes, including ageing, dietary change, dietary restriction, stress, challenge of pathogens, and antimicrobial treatment. Some alterations in the GI microbiota, or dysbiosis, can affect animal health, e.g. by lowering the body condition, or increasing fecal humidity and fecal score.More severe GI dysbiosis can produce profound negative effects on gut physiology and health, including acute and chronic GI inflammation. In human medicine, probiotic lactobacilli have been used to manage a number of disorders related to GI dysbiosis, such as antibiotic-associated diarrhea, intestinal infection, and mucosal inflammation.